Case

Johnson v. United States (U.S. Supreme Court)

Intrusive Searches

Twenty-two years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Whren v. United States, 517 U.S. 806 (1996), that police with probable cause to suspect a moving violation may stop and seize a motorist, even if the seizure is a pretext to search for evidence of other possible crimes. In this case, the en banc Seventh held, over the dissent of three judges, that a mere parking infraction justifies a pretextual search. The dissenting judges warned that the decision gives police the power to seize people for “parking while black” and that “the police tactics here would never be tolerated in more affluent neighborhoods.”

The MacArthur Justice Center is challenging the decision in the United States Supreme Court. The Justices will meet to decide whether to hear the case on September 24. A range of individuals and institutions—including the Cato Institute and a group of law professors who specialize in criminal procedure—have urged the Court to hear the case.

Filed - October 27, 2017

“The police tactics here would never be tolerated in more affluent neighborhoods. This extension will further erode the Fourth Amendment, trading away privacy rights of some for the hope of more security for others, and stripping those targeted in searches of both security and privacy. We should find that the tactics in this case violated the Fourth Amendment.”

Judge Hamilton, dissenting from the Seventh Circuit’s en banc ruling

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